Québec may just well be the coldest place I have ever been. Located on the east of Canada, Quebec City boasts an average temperature of around -17C (1.4F) in January. When we visited, we experienced temperatures of around -28C (-18) including wind chill. It was cold!
But, if you come prepared and pack the right clothing, then Québec City in winter is a truly magical destination whether you’re travelling with kids, friends or flying solo.
Quebec is easily one of the most beautiful places I have visited. And in spite of – or perhaps because of – the sub-zero temperatures, the city has so much for visitors to do.
Updated for 2021. Disclosure: We were guests of Tourism Québec and Québec City Tourism during our stay in Québec.This post may contain affiliate links. I have been or could be if you click on a link in this post compensated via a cash payment, gift or something else of value for writing this post. See our full disclosure policy for more details.
Québec City is the capital of Québec Province, Canada’s largest province. Founded in 1608, it’s the oldest walled city north of Mexico and the cradle of French Civilisation in North America. It is also extraordinarily picturesque; compact, charming and very European.
This is also a city that embraces its winter. Although many of the first European settlers that arrived in the early 17th Century didn’t make it through the brutal first winter, they soon worked out how to survive the tough conditions and to this day, residents make the most of the six cold months of the year.
Rather than hibernate indoors, when the snow falls in Québec, the locals head outside to cross-country ski, snowshoe or even run in the snow. School children enjoy recess outside sledging and building snowmen.
Snow is a way of life here and something that the Québécois celebrate, no more so than during the annual Quebec Winter Carnival.
Things to do in Quebec City in Winter
The main standout Quebec City attraction in winter is the famous Carnaval de Québec. This winter festival is the largest winter carnival in the world. It’s an event that takes over the city; figures and pictures of Bonhomme, the official mascot of the carnival, can be seen across town and carnival events pack the three weekends over which the festival is held.
There is, however, lots to do in Quebec away from the carnival. This really is a winter wonderland so wrap up warm and get ready to have some very snowy fun!
You may also enjoy these posts:
- Quebec city in winter is absolutely magical, here’s why
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La Carnaval de Québec
The first large winter Carnival in Québec City took place in 1894 when the locals decided they’d had enough of the tough, snowy winter and decided to throw a party instead. Two wars and an economic crisis followed and subsequent winter festivals were only held on and off.
However, the idea of celebrating winter held strong and in 1954 the carnival was re-introduced, with Bonhomme as the festival’s spokesperson. Ever since then the city has held its winter fiesta annually, with visitors coming from around the world.
To say that we enjoyed our time at the Carnival would be a serious understatement. Carnival rides and events are held throughout the city including the Ice Canoe Race, when over 50 teams from Quebec, Canada, France and the USA compete across the frozen Saint Lawrence River between Quebec City and Lévis.
On the final weekend there’s the Snow Bath, when crazy carnival goers, dressed only in their swimsuits (as well as gloves, boots and woollen socks), roll around in the snow!
The main festival grounds are on the Plains of Abraham, just outside the walls of the old city. This snowy playground is an absolute delight, especially if you’re visiting Quebec City with kids. Enjoy horse drawn sleigh rides, dog sledding, snow tubing, snow sculptures, human bowling, a ferris wheel ride and much more. It is A LOT of fun for everyone.
In between rides we warmed up in the central bistro where I discovered the delights of Caribou, Québec’s magic recipe for beating the cold. A mixture of red wine, hard liquor (usually whisky) and spices, this traditional alcoholic punch is served warm and does an excellent job at warding off the chill.
Caribou is sold only by Quebec’s liquor board — up to 60,000 bottles a year, nearly all during the carnival season. If you spot folk wandering around with red plastic Bonhomme canes, they are most likely filled with Caribou.
The Old City
During our stay we also enjoyed a tour of the old city of Québec. This picture-perfect part of town is a UNESCO World Heritage site and a delight to explore.
Narrow cobblestone streets, heritage homes that still bear the name of their original pioneering occupants and towering church spires characterise North America’s oldest settlement. Centre stage stands the beautiful Château Frontenac, the most photographed hotel in the world.
The old town is divided into two parts, the Old Upper Town (Haute Ville) and the Old Lower Town (Basse Ville), where the French first settled in 1608. There are plenty of museums and boutiques and European-style cafés to enjoy, or you just enjoy wandering the atmospheric streets.
Toboggan Slide Au 1884
One of the most popular activities with kids in Quebec City is to take a ride on the Toboggan Slide Au 1884. Located near to the Château Frontenac, this traditional toboggan is over 100-years-old, making it one of the oldest attractions in town. There are three chutes and you can fit up to four passengers per toboggan. Apparently you can reach speeds of up to 70km/hour (we didn’t!). The chute is on Dufferin Terrace and tickets can be bought at the Au 1884 kiosk at the bottom of the run.
Another only-in-Quebec activity is ice fishing. Positioned in Louise Basin, in the heart of the port, is Village Nordik, a makeshift winter village where visitors can try this unique Canadian pastime or strap on a pair of ice skates.
My son decided to give fishing a go but the combination of cold fingers and a short attention span meant that he didn’t catch anything. Still, the experience of sitting in an igloo (albeit an inflatable one), fishing from a small hole cut into the ice, was a true Canadian winter experience.
Measuring some 83m (272 ft) tall, Montmorency Falls are the highest waterfalls in the province of Quebec and are even higher than Niagra Falls – by some 30m (99 ft). The falls are stunning and a destination for adventure travellers in both summer and winter.
Stairs descend on either side of the falls and a suspension bridge over the crest afford beautiful views of the falls themselves and the frozen basin below. There are three via ferrata routes near the falls as well as footpaths that lead past various lookout points.
We were content with viewing the falls from Montmorency Manor, the visitor centre, and had fun trying to spot the ice climbers making their way up the frozen falls.
Village Vacances Valcartier
One of the best things to do in Quebec City with kids is to visit Village Vacances Valcartier. Located just 20 minutes from downtown Quebec, this enormous space is a waterpark in the summer months and a snowy playground during the winter.
First opened in 1963 with just eight toboggan slides, today Village Vacance has a huge range of winter activities including a skating path and children’s playground. The main reason to come here in the snow, however, is to go speeding down the mountain on a rubber inner tube.
Much like ski runs, slopes are graded according to difficulty (and speed!) and range from the mild green runs to the stomach-churning Everest that stands at 33.5 metres high. Zipping down this, you can reach speeds of up to 80 km / hour….although we didn’t try and kept ourselves on the gentle slopes!
There are lots of slopes and several where you can slide down in groups, including Tornado that involves lots of spinning around. Village Vacances is enormous fun.
Hôtel de Glace – Québec City’s Ice Hotel
The only hotel in North America made entirely of ice and snow (500 tons of ice and 30,000 tons of snow to be precise) Québec City’s Hôtel de Glace is somewhere you must visit on your winter trip, even if you don’t stay the night.
Modelled on Sweden’s Ice Hotel, this icy palace boasts 44 rooms and themed suites, an ice bar, an ice wedding chapel, a Nordic area with hot tubs and sauna under the stars and even an ice slide. Since it first opened in 2001, they have played host to some 55,000 overnight guests. Pretty impressive given that visitors will only spend one night here.
The hotel takes six weeks to build and 50 people will work on the site; some thirty workers and a further 15 or so sculptors. Of the 44 rooms, some are simple and others are incredibly elaborate with intricate carvings and designs. All the beds have a solid ice base with a mattress on top. If you’re interested in spending the night with your kids (133 families slept here last season!) then you need to read this.
You can take a tour of the hotel, which allows you to explore the rooms, play on the ice slide and have a drink at the ice bar. Try the “Accident de Ski-doo” a very Alpine inspired cocktail that comes served in an ice shot glass.
We didn’t get to experience everything that winter in Québec has to offer but over the course of our three-day visit, we saw and did a lot. And, during this time, we fell under the magical spell of Québec, cold toes and all. If you’re visiting Quebec then you should also take a look at this post on Quebec’s economuseums, special museums that showcases lively arts, artisanal food making and crafts of the region.
52 thoughts on “Quebec city in winter is absolutely magical, here’s why”
Omg… I have lived along the equator my entire life, I’m not sure if I can survive a day in Quebec in winter!! But all the activities like snow tubing and tobogganing look so fun. The things we are deprived of here in Singapore.. Sigh. #CityTripping
Hahaha!! I know what you mean, it was COLD! But once you realised that it was perfectly acceptable to wear ski clothes around the city then it was fine! And it was a lot of fun.
I will say one thing, the Quebeckers know how to dress for the cold, and it’s all about function over fashion! And nothing seems to stop them from having fun – just like you guys, even though you’re used to the tropics!
Absolutely!! As soon as you realise that it’s absolutely OK to wear ski pants in town, you’re fine!
Wow! Looks like fun–and quite the opposite of winter in the Bay Area! Would love to go some winter.
Haha, yes it’s *very* different! And a lot of fun!
Quebec has always tempted me, and I do love the sound of the Carnaval and ice hotel. But I can hardly imagine how cold -28C is (I’ve done -14C in Lapland with millions of thermals but that’s the closest). You’d definitely need to embrace winter, and I love how fun it looks there. Thanks for linking up with #citytripping
I think when you hit those kind of sub-zero temperatures it all starts to feel the same! If you’ve done -14C you can easily do -28C!
As I was reading this my 3-year old daughter was saying “I like that!” about every picture. What I love is that it’s quite obvious that they don’t let the snow stop them from having fun activities outside.
Exactly! And I love that your daughter enjoyed the photos too
One day! Quebec has been on my ‘must visit’ list for ages!
I know the feeling, I have so many countries on my ‘must visit’ list – need more time!!
I used to think I hated to be cold but after a winter festival in Japan I found how much fun it can be and that I can deal with it in short doses. Quebec does looks fabulous and so much fun. How adorable is that ice chapel!
Oooh, I bet the winter festival in Japan was fun! Can you believe the ice chapel has heated seats?!
It sounds quite magical. We fell in love with Alberta in January despite the negative temperatures and I bet Quebec is the same, we hope to include it on our next trip to Canada
I hope you get to go! I have completely fallen in love with Canada and can’t wait to explore more.
Québec is famous for its harsh winters, but I have to say there is a lot of charm in that too. Living in California where snow is extremely rare and only on the high mountains, I miss the fun you can have in the snow, especially when you have children.
Absolutely, kids and snow are as good a combination as kids and beach!
I’ve always been really intrigued by Quebec so great to get your insight…and it looks like you have a fabulous time there (despite the cold)! I really could not stay at the ice hotel – makes me cold just reading about it! The rest of the trip looks amazing though – especially the tobogganing! Thanks for linking to #citytripping
Haha! Apparently people often sleep really, really well at the ice hotel (not everyone though!). The tobogganing was a definite highlight.
Looks like an awesome winter holiday spot!
Looks great and heaps of fun. We have never experienced snow before but we are heading to europe next winter so the snow will be happening there, we cant wait
Thanks! I hope you get snow!!
Great ideas! I really hope, I can visit Canada soon, and especially during winter time, would a wonderful experience!
Thanks! It really is an amazing winter destination.
Quebec sounds amazing! I love winter and just had my first real white winter experience recently in Iceland. Though it’s way colder in Quebec, I think I would absolutely love being there, especially during the Winter Festival. Oh and fantastic video by the way!
Thank you! I would also love to go to Iceland (and I’m pleased to hear that it’s marginally warmer than Quebec!). I think as long as you have the right gear (and caribou!) you can enjoy it 🙂
My kids always laught at me because I am cold pretty much all the time anywhere, but I’d love to visit Quebec in the winter! We were there in the summer and as you say they seemed well organised for pretty much all temperatures – with the right gear, I think this would be a great place for a family!
Haha! I’m definitely the one that feels the cold most in our family too. I’d love to visit Quebec in the summer – we need to swap holidays!
It’s such a fantastic city! Look like you guys got a lot done. We haven’t been for Carnivale. Soon.
It really is! I hope you get to experience Carnaval soon!
Looks like so much fun! You’re right though, having the right winter clothes is key.
Yep, it’s all about the clothing!
I never thought of Quebec as a winter destination, but it seems like there are tons of things to do there. Thanks for the inspiration. I’ll have to add this to my bucket list 🙂
You are welcome!
As a lover of winter, this is definitely going on the bucket list!
I’m also a fan of winter (despite my living in warm climates!). I’d definitely take a snow holiday over a sun one any day.
This is one of the most wonderfully fun winter posts I’ve read in a while! I usually see Winter as beautiful but mostly quiet with the usual winter sports, but there is so many things to do here. Would love to visit someday!
Thank you so much for your kind comment!
Ahh Vive la Carnaval! We haven’t brought our kids to Quebec during Carnaval yet but were thinking of going there next year instead of our usual trek to Ottawa’s Winterlude.
Ahh you should go! Your kids will LOVE it!!
What a magical winter wonderland! I love places like this that really embrace winter and make it enjoyable. I think we, in the UK, could learn a lot from this. I’d never even thought about Quebec as a destination before but would absolutely love to visit with my kids now. Great post!
Thank you! I agree with you about the UK and winter although I will say that it’s a lot more fun to be outside in the snow than it is to be outside in the rain!!
It is really hard to imagine that kind of cold (I’m in Australia). Even Antarctica wasn’t that cold! Of course it was summer there when we went. What a wonderful adventure and something completely different though! Love it!
Really? I can’t believe that Antartica was warmer!! Thank you for your kind comment 🙂
Looks wonderful. I’d love to visit Quebec any time of year!
Oh Quebec looks awesome! I’m adding it to our must visit list! But maybe in the summer:)
Haha! I definitely want to go back in the summer, but I highly recommend a winter visit too!
Those ice climbers must be totally fearless! I had no idea Québec was quite so cold, but I’ve always liked the idea of travelling there. It sounds as though it’s magical all year-round. #GetGone
I know! They really made scaling the ice looks so effortless. I was happy to watch from the (chilly) sidelines instead
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